Genetics of Europe, explained (first part).

There is online a map of European genetics. It is somehow dry, so we tried to explain it better in the lines below. Genetic maps are usually confusing.

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Why Celtic and not Roman ? It is the predominant gene in Romance-speaking countries ! But, unfortunately, Spain has more of these R1b genes than Italy itself, France too, and Ireland has the most. So Celtic it is. We will begin the analysis from above : a third of the Icelandic genes are Celtic ; whe know from history that there was an older Celtic colonization here before the Scandinavian one. No surprises. Italy has them too. They are not Romance. Rome was small, with a small population. All the North of Italy was Celtic, Piedmont, Lombardy and Veneto were called Gallia Cisalpina. The Romans conquered it, but the population was Celtic. The presence of this gene in Germany and the East of Europe is more puzzling. Bohemia was Celtic in the Antiquity, but in Poland and so on these genes are difficult to explain.
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Rather self-explanatory. From West to East : All Eastern Germany has Slavic place-names, so the few Slavic genes the Germans have are expected. Czech are very mixed, virtually indistinguishable genetically from the Austrians. We know that for one thousand years there was a huge German minority in Bohemia, and the two peoples mixed. However, Czech language is Slavic, pure. Romanians have a lot of Slavic blood, and are virtually indistinguishable genetically from the Bulgarians. Both history and language confirm these data. Bulgarians are very mixed, as expected. Greeks have some Slavic blood too. In the VII-th centuries, Slavs moved south to Greece, and there are many Slavic place names in northern Greece. // Italians have some Slavic genes, as expected (they took Slavic slaves from the Dalmatian coast, and the name ”slave” comes from the people. Turks too, for centuries, had Slavic wives and janissaires.
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3. Mediterranean genes. The epicenter is in Greece. They are present in Albania, Serbia and Portugal as expected, weaker in Italy, unexpectedly present in Hungary.

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4. Scandinavian. Typically Scandinavian. Present in Germany as well, but weaker, Belgium, the Netherlands and France. Foreseeable.

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5. The Sardinian component. Probably Dinaric and Balkanic. Unexplained in Belarus.

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6. Green. Greece, Turkey, Albania, Italy, Romania, decreasing towards the north. Frequent in Romania.

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